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Volubilis ruins

Volubilis ruins

 

Volubilis ruins or Roman ruins of Morocco is a Berber city originally named Alili in Tamazight (Berber language) which means oleander, because the region is know by the oleander tree in that era as a city builded in a very fecund land.

 

Volubilis ruins are located 30KM from Meknes, officially studied as the earliest capital of the Berber mauritanian kingdom,due to being erected for the first time by local Berbers in the 3rd century BC, then primative Carthaginian trading post, prior to being the capital of Mauretanians.

 

Volubilis  swiftly divelpored under the control of the romans from the 1st century AD ahead and enlarged to cover around 40 hectares with almost 3 km round of walls. this Roman ruins of Morocco obtained a number of crucial common constractions in the second century,such as a temple, triumpal arch and basilica. Its boom, which was based on agriculture especially growing olive, contributed to building the biggest part of the town.

 

 

The Volubilis town fell to the native Berber tribes about 280 then  never fell to Romans due to its farness and carelessness on the south-western of the Roman empire borders. It keeps on  to be occupied for about another 700 years, first as a Latinised Christian Berber section, then as an early Islamic dominion forcely. The Idriss iben Abdullah became the ruler of the Roman ruins of Morocco by exploiting the religion and the goodness fo the local Bebers in the late 8th century.

The Volubilis has been deserted after the relocation of the power seat to Fes in the 11th century before it moves to almoravids in Marrakech.

Some of the locals were transfered to Fes and the rest moved to a near area to construct a new town of Molay Driss Zerhoun.

The city of Volubilis  remained significantly complete till it was destroyed in the 18th century by an earthquake and afterwards looted by local leaders looking for stones to build Meknes. In the 19th  century  the site was decisively recognized as that of the Volubilis ruins. Around half of the ruins was excavated, during the French colonization  disclosing some fine mosaics, and some of the more outstanding  common constracyions and high-status houses were rebuilded. Later on The Volubilis recognized as UNESCO World Heritage Site, identified as an exceptional well protected example of a big Roman colonial city on the fringes of the Empire”. which make it nicknamed Roman ruins of Morocco.

 

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